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John
  
A - THE INCARNATION OF THE WORD OF GOD IN JESUS
(JOHN 1:1-18)

1. The essence and work of the word before incarnation
(John 1:1-5)
1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.


Man expresses his thoughts and intentions through his words. You are what you say. And your words are a summary of your person and the manifestation of your spirit.
In a higher sense, the Word of God expresses the person of his divinity and all his powers are active in his sanctified Word. For in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth through his powerful Word. And when he said, "Be," it was. Until today, the power of God is still active in his words. Did you realize that the gospel which is in your hands is full of the authority of God? This book is stronger than all hydrogen bombs because it eliminates the evil in you and builds you up in what is good.
The innermost secret in the expression "the word", which occurs in the gospel of John, is that in the Greek language it has two meanings. The first is: the breath that carries the sound coming out of the mouth. The second is: a masculine, spiritual person. These two meanings appear in the Arabic language through the gender of the verb that follows the word, either feminine or masculine. In English they are distinguished by the two genders neuter and masculine, as shown in the pronouns used for the word. Thus if the evangelist John says, "In the beginning was the Word" and explains it in the second verse by saying "He was in the beginning", then this shows you one of the secrets of the person of Christ. He proceeds from the Father as a normal word comes out of one's mouth. Thus Christ is the sum of the will of God and of his thought. We also find this usage in other religions, namely that Christ is the Word of God and Spirit from him. No human being in the world possesses these heavenly characteristics, except he who was born from the virgin Mary.
The incarnation of Christ in Bethlehem was not the beginning of his being, because he proceeded from the Father before all ages and existed before the world came into being. Thus Christ is eternal, just as the Father is eternal and does not change and as the Word of God in no way ever changes.
John showed us a fundamental relationship between Christ and his Father. He did not become separated from him, as the uttered word distances itself from the lips and is lost in the air. But Christ stayed with God and remained in him. The expression "with God" means in the Greek language that the word was moving toward God, entering into God. Thus Christ was always directed toward God. This direction is the principle in all those born of the Holy Spirit, because he is the source of love. This love does not at all want independence, but it remains directed toward its source, and enters it.
God did not create Christ from non-being through his word, like all creatures, but the Son is in himself the creating Word and carries the authority of his Father in himself. At the end of this first verse we find the strange decisive phrase that the Word was God in himself. In this way the evangelist John tells you in the first verse of his gospel that Christ is God from God, light from light, true God from true God, born and not created, of one essence with the Father, eternal, powerful, holy and merciful. Anyone who confesses that Christ is the Word of God will agree with this expression about his divinity.

Prayer
Lord Jesus Christ, we bow down before you because you were with the Father before all ages, always directed towards him. Help us that we may not be independent from you, but that we always give ourselves to God and remain in his love. We thank you, Lord Jesus, because you come to us in your gospel with understandable words, so that your authority may appear in us by faith through your Word.
Question
What is the word that is repeated in the first verse of John 1 and what is its meaning?
PART I
THE SHINING OF THE DIVINE LIGHT
(JOHN 1:1 – 4:54)
A – THE INCARNATION OF THE WORD OF GOD IN JESUS
(JOHN 1:1-18)

1. The essence and work of the word before incarnation
(John 1:1-5)
2. The Baptist prepares the way of Christ
(John 1:6-13)
3. The fullness of God appeared in the incarnation
(John 1:14-18)
B – CHRIST LEADS HIS DISCIPLES FROM THE SPHERE OF REPENTANCE TO THE JOY OF THE WEDDING
(JOHN 1:19 – 2:12)

1. A delegation from the Sanhedrin questions the Baptist
(John 1:19-28)
2. More stirring testimonies of the Baptist to Christ
(John 1:29-34)
3. The first six disciples
(John 1:35-51)
4. Jesus’ first miracle at the wedding in Cana
(John 2:1–12)
C – CHRIST’S FIRST VISIT TO JERUSALEM
(JOHN 2:13 – 4:54)

1. The cleansing of the Temple (John 2:13-22)
2. Jesus speaks with Nicodemus
(John 2:23 – 3:21)

a) People lean towards Jesus
(John 2:23-25)
b) The need for a new birth
(John 3:1-13)
c) The cross, agent of rebirth
(John 3:14–16)
d) Rejecting Christ leads to Judgement
(John 3:17-21)
3. The Baptist testifies to Jesus the Bridegroom
(John 3:22–36)
4. Jesus in Samaria
(John 4:1–42)

a) Jesus leads the adulteress to repentance
(John 4:1-26)
b) Jesus leads his disciples to see the ready harvest
(John 4:27-38)
c) Evangelism in Samaria
(John 4:39–42)
5. Healing of the court official’s son
(John 4:43-54)
PART II
LIGHT SHINES IN THE DARKNESS
(JOHN 5:1 – 11:54)
A – SECOND JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM
(JOHN 5:1-47)

1. Healing of the paralytic at Bethesda
(John 5:1-16)
2. God works with His Son
(John 5:17-20)
3. Christ raises the dead and judges the world
(John 5:20-30)
4. The four witnesses to Christ’s deity
(John 5:31-40)
5. The reason for unbelief
(John 5:41-47)
B – JESUS IS THE BREAD OF LIFE
(JOHN 6:1-71)

1. Feeding the five thousand
(John 6:1-13)
2. Jesus withdraws from the clamor for his crowning
(John 6:14-15)
3. Jesus comes to his disciples in distress
(John 6:16-21)
4. Jesus offers people the choice, “Accept or Reject!”
(John 6:22-59)
5. The sifting out of the disciples
(John 6:59-71)
C – JESUS’ LAST JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM
(JOHN 7:1 – 11:54)

1. The words of Jesus at the feast of tabernacles
(John 7:1 – 8:59)

a) Jesus and his brothers
(John 7:1-13)
b) Disparate views on Jesus among the people and the high council
(John 7:14-63)
c) Legalists bring an adulteress to Jesus for trial
(John 8:1-11)
d) Jesus the light of the world
(John 8:12-29)
e) Sin is bondage
(John 8:30-36)
f) The devil, murderer and liar
(John 8:37-47)
g) Christ exists before Abraham
(John 8:48-59)
2. Healing the man born blind
(John 9:1-41)

a) Healing on the Sabbath
(John 9:1-12)
b) The Jews interrogate the healed man
(John 9:13–34)
c) Jesus reveals himself as God’s Son to the healed one
(John 9:35–41)
3. Jesus the Good Shepherd
(John 10:1–39)

a) The sheep hear the voice of the true shepherd
(John 10:1-6)
b) Jesus is the authentic door
(John 10:7-10)
c) Jesus is the Good Shepherd
(John 10:11–21)
d) Our security in the union of Father and Son
(John 10:22-30)
e) The Son of God in the Father and the Father in him
(John 10:31-36)
4. The raising of Lazarus and the outcome
(John 10:40 – 11:54)

a) Jesus across the Jordan
(John 10:40 – 11:16)
b) Jesus meets Martha and Mary
(John 11:17-33)
c) The raising of Lazarus
(John 11:34-44)
d) The Jewish council sentences Jesus to death
(John 11:45-54)
PART III
LIGHT SHINES IN THE CIRCLE OF THE APOSTLES
(JOHN 11:55 – 17:26)
A – PRELUDE TO HOLY WEEK
(JOHN 11:55 – 12:50)

1. Jesus anointed in Bethany
(John 11:55 – 12:8)
2. Jesus enters Jerusalem
(John 12:9–19)
3. The Greeks seek Jesus’ acquaintance
(John 12:20-26)
4. The Father glorified amid the tumult
(John 12:27-36)
5. Men harden themselves towards judgement
(John 12:37-50)
B – EVENTS THAT FOLLOW THE LORD’S SUPPER
(JOHN 13:1-38)

1. Jesus washes his disciples’ feet
(John 13:1–17)
2. The traitor exposed and disconcerted
(John 13:18-32)
3. The new commandment for the church
(John 13:33-35)
4. Christ predicts Peter’s denial
(John 13:36-38)
C – FAREWELL ADDRESS IN THE UPPER ROOM
(JOHN 14:1–31)

1. God is present in Christ
(John 14:1–11)
2. The Holy Trinity descends on believers by the Comforter
(John 14:12–25)
3. Christ’s farewell peace
(John 14:26-31)
D – THE FAREWELL ON THE WAY TO GETHSEMANE
(JOHN 15:1 – 16:33)

1. Abiding in Christ brings much fruit
(John 15:1–8)
2. Our abiding in the Father’s fellowship appears in mutual love
(John 15:9-17)
3. The world hates Christ and his disciples
(John 15:18 – 16:3)
4. The Holy Spirit reveals history’s most significant developments
(John 16:4-15)
5. Christ predicts the joy of the disciples in the resurrection feast
(John 16:16-24)
6. Christ’s peace in us defeats the world’s afflictions
(John 16:25-33)
E – JESUS’ INTERCESSORY PRAYER
(JOHN 17:1–26)

1. Introduction to the intercessory prayer
2. The prayer for the Father’s glory
(John 17:1-5)
3. Jesus intercedes for his apostles
(John 17:6-19)
4. Jesus intercedes for the church’s unity
(John 17:20-26)
PART IV
LIGHT OVERCOMES DARKNESS
(JOHN 18:1 – 21:25)
A – EVENTS FROM THE ARREST TO THE BURIAL
(JOHN 18:1 – 19:42)

1. Jesus arrested in the garden
(John 18:1-14)
2. Jesus questioned before Annas and Peter’s threefold denial
(John 18:15–21)
3. The civil trial before the Roman governor
(John 18:28 – 19:16)

a) The charge against Christ’s royal claims
(John 18:28-38)
b) The choice between Jesus and Barabbas
(John 18:39-40)
c) The flogging of Jesus before his accusers
(John 19:1-5)
d) Pilate awed by Christ’s divine nature
(John 19:6-12)
e) Pilate’s unjust sentence on Jesus
(Jesus 19 :12-16)
4. The cross and the death of Jesus
(John 19:16b-42)

a) Crucifixion and the grave clothes
(John 19:16b-22)
b) Dividing the garments and casting the lots
(John 19:23-24)
c) Christ’s word to his mother
(John 19:25-27)
d) The consummation
(John 19:28-30)
e) Piercing Jesus’ side
(John 19:31-37)
f) Burial of Jesus
(John 19:38-42)
B – THE RESURRECTION AND APPEARANCES OF CHRIST
(JOHN 20:1 – 21:25)

1. Events at the Passover dawn (Easter)
(John 20:1-10)

a) Mary Magdalene at the graveside
(John 20:1-2)
b) Peter and John race to the tomb
(John 20:3-10)
c) Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene
(John 20:11-18)
2. Jesus appears to the disciples in the upper room
(John 20:19-23)
3. Jesus appears to the disciples with Thomas
(John 20:24-29)
4. Conclusion of John’s gospel
(John 20:30-31)
5. Jesus appears by the lake
(John 21:1-25)

a) The miraculous catch of fishes
(John 21:1-14)
b) Peter confirmed in the service of the flock
(John 21:15-19)
c) Future predictions of Jesus
(John 21:20-23)
d) The witness of John and his gospel
(John 21:24-25)